Samples: Exegetical & Textual

Exegetical & textual messages from the book of Genesis

Use the following links to navigate to sermons out of the different chapters in Genesis



We live in a day and age when people need to know more than ever that God is the creator of the Heavens and the Earth.

Genesis 1:1-2 – “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Intro: The book of Genesis is the record of the involvement of God in the beginning of all things. Creation, the human race, sin, redemption, marriage, family, death, and justice, just to name a few.

The first two chapters of Genesis describe, in powerful language, the pre-history and the creation of the universe. Only God was present at creation. Neither Adam or Eve could have described this event for they had not yet been created. Obviously, however, God informed them of this great truth.

Facts: Up until the early 1920’s, creation by God was the only teaching known or taught, even in public school. There was a change which began when a high-school teacher named John Scopes started teaching his students the theory of evolution. Some parents complained and filed a law-suit. The “Scopes trials” became one of the most famous and controversial trials in U.S. history. The trial took place in Dayton, Tennessee. In that trial, Clarence Darrow represented the interests of those who were trying to debunk the biblical record. William Jennings Bryan represented the truth of the Bible and won the case. Scopes was fined $100.00, but my how far we have fallen since 1925.

Consequences: There are two consequences for Christians if the first two chapters of the Bible are not true. First, Jesus made specific references to God being the creator of the first man and woman, Adam & Eve. (Matt 19:4-5, Mark 10:6-9) If these two chapters are only mythological, then Jesus Christ erred in His teaching. He is a fallible human when it comes to talking about the origins of the universe. Second, if these chapters are not true, then the scriptures themselves cannot be depended upon fully and authoritatively in every other area in which they speak either. Jesus says the scriptures cannot be broken. (John 10:34-38) Jesus said that Heaven and Earth will pass away, but that God’s word would never fail. (Matt 24:35) There are over 145 Bible verses that declare God as the creator.

Scriptures: (Gen 1:1-31, 2:1-25, Exo. 20:11; 31:17; Deut. 10:14; 2 Kgs. 19:15; 1 Chron. 16:26; 2 Chron. 2:12; Neh. 9:6;   Job 28:23-27; Psa. 8:3; 33:6; 89:11-12; 95:3-5; 96:5; 100:3; 102:25; 104:1-2; 115:15-16; 121:2; 124:8; 134:3; 136:5-9; 139:13-16; 145:5-6; Prov. 3:19; 8:22-29; Isa. 37:16, 43:5-7; 44:2; 45:11-12; Jer. 10:10-12; 27:5; 32:17; 51:15; Jonah 1:9; Matt. 19:4-5; John 1:1-3; 1:10; Acts 14:15; Rev. 10:6; 14:7)

Rsearch: The book of Genesis does not necessarily record creation as a scientific treatise, but rather in the common language of the human race. It is incredible that this event could be written in such simple form so that It was able to be understood by men who lived thousands of years ago, and yet still have such relevancy to the greatly increased technologies of our day.

There is a lot of scientific information available today concerning the positioning of the earth. Each and every fragment of this information does nothing more than confirm the necessity of there being an Almighty Creator. The Bible states in Psalm 19:1, “The heavens declare the glory of God and the firmament His handiwork.” Consider the following data available from NASA:

  • The planet earth is constantly spinning around at a little over 1,000 miles per hour. Since the earth’s circumference is a little over 24,000 miles, it makes complete circle every twenty-four hours. This gives us an approximate of a little over 24 hours in a day.
  • The earth is nearly 93 million miles away from the sun. The earth travels around the sun in an orbit that is some 584 million miles long. The earth travels in its orbit around the sun at approximately 67,000 miles per hour and makes a complete circuit around the sun approximately every 365 days. This gives us the number of days in a year.
  • It is estimated that the sun is around 10,000 degrees at its surface. We receive just two billionths of the heat and energy from the sun on planet earth. If the earth’s orbit were to begin to travel closer to the sun, it would begin to become too hot for our existence. If the earth were to begin to travel farther from the sun, it would begin to become too cold.
  • While the earth is spinning and travelling, the earth also rotates back and forth on its axis every 6 months. This is what causes June 20/21 to be the longest day-light day of the year, and December 20/21 to be the shortest day-light day of the year. This causes the earth to have seasons so that crops can be planted, grown, harvested, and allowed dormant periods.

Notes: If the earth was the size of a golf ball, the sun by comparison would be 15 feet in diameter. If you were able to, you could place 960,000 earths inside the volume of the sun.

The Earth’s axis is on a 23-degree tilt making certain land areas habitable.

Our planet and its solar system is wafting (wandering) around intergalactic space.

News Flash *** The chances for all of this to just fall into place from out of nowhere are basically ZERO. The God who spoke it all into existence still holds it all in its place!

Illustration: Take a balloon and blow it up.

Explain the similarity to God speaking and the planet earth and the rest of the solar system coming into being.

Let go of the balloon … whoooooop! … imagine what would happen if God was not holding everything in its place!

Here are four simplified explanations that also help us understand God’s wonderful creation:

  • Earthquakes (plate shifting) are necessary to keep the soil aerated.
  • Lightning is necessary to place nitrogen in our soil.
  • Hurricanes are necessary to cool the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Earth’s water has an automatic purifying system basically called weather. (See Job 37:1-18, 38:1-38, Psa. 147:4-8, Jer. 10:12-13)

Observations: There is a pattern of seven things that take place as God speaks the world into existence.

  • God decided what He wanted to make.
  • God decided what He wanted to make each thing out of and created it.
  • God then spoke to the things He wanted to make things out of – and as God spoke each thing came into existence. (light, sky, waters, earth, plants, animals, man)
  • God made everything with a specific need. (stars need space, plants & animals need earth)
  • Everything God created needs to be connected to what it came from. (stars live in space, plants must remain planted, animals and humans live on the earth)
  • God made everything that exists with a life span, and afterward they return to what they were made of. (Stars to space, plants to dirt, animals to dirt)
  • Humans are different than all the rest. First God formed man, then He breathed into him life. When we die our body returns to the dirt, but our soul/spirit returns to the God who breathed us into existence. (Eccl 12:7, Psalm 104:29)

In closing – The big bang theory:

This theory is based on the complete extrapolation of unknowable facts.

Evolution: No evidence of natural evolving from one species to another has ever been found.

Carbon dating: This theory does not take into account the effects of a worldwide flood.

Sedimentary layering: This theory does not take into account the effects of a worldwide flood.



Intro: The Bible is often written in what we could call progressive revelation. Genesis 1:1-2 states that God created the Heavens and the Earth. Genesis 1:3-31 is not a new start of another new creation or a re-creation. God is simply now revealing more information of how His creation actually took place.

In Genesis 1:27 God reveals He created man as both male and female. Then in Genesis 2:7-25 God reveals the rest of the information as to how He created both of the first two humans.

Notes: The Bible’s Old Testament was originally written in the Hebrew language. Studying these word meanings give us much more complete details as to how the actual steps of the creation take place.

Genesis 1:1-2 – “In the BEGINNING God CREATED the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was FORMLESS and EMPTY, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the SPIRIT of God was HOVERING over the waters.”

Research: In Hebrew the word beginning is “breshyith” (first in place, time, order, and rank = nothing before it).

In Hebrew the word created is “bara” (to cut, make a formation).

In Genesis 1:2 (NKJV) it states that when God created the earth It was without form and void. In Hebrew, the words form and void, are; “tohu” (empty nothingness); and “bohu” (empty desolation) respectively. In other words, in creation – from out of nothing – God made everything – and everything that God made – had not been made before that time. (see Hebrews 11:3)

In Hebrew the word Spirit is “ruah” (breath or breathing of God). The best description for God’s breathing is that it is “air in motion by a divine decree.” (Ruah is also the Hebrew word for the “breathing of animals and humans”) We all must breathe in order to live.

In creation God breathed the desire of His heart and out came our universe as we know it.  (As He breathes – We live)

In Hebrew the word hovering (moving) is “rahap” (to hover or shake over). The Bible only uses this word three times. Genesis 1:2 of course is the first use. The word is also used in Deuteronomy 32:11 where the term is likened to an eagle bearing up its young with its wings, and Jeremiah 23:9 where it refers to a shaking. A study of the word moving, would indicate sort of “a rocking back and forth.”

No doubt on each of the days of creation, the Spirit of God continued to go forth and to accomplish each step of creation in the order that God spoke it.

DAY ONE: On The First Day of Creation God created light.

Genesis 1:3 – “And God SAID, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.” The Bible states very plainly that God spoke the Heavens and the Earth into existence. On each of the first six days of creation, the Bible states that “God said, LET THERE BE …” and then the events God spoke began to take place.

In Hebrew the word God “said” is “amar” (to speak a commandment), & the words “let there be” is “chayah” (breathed into life)

Genesis 1:4-5 – “God saw that the LIGHT was good, and He separated the light from the darkness.

God called the light “DAY,” and the darkness He called “night.” – and there was evening, and there was morning – the first day.

Research: In Hebrew the word light is “owr” (To illuminate). Light is a prerequisite to life. The Sun, which gives us our light, was not created until the fourth day. God is the true light of the world and will always be. Notice also that God Himself called the light day, and the darkness (or absence of light) night.

In Hebrew the word darkness is “chosek” (withholding of light).

In Hebrew the word day is “Yome” (the warm hours) basically speaking of daytime in contrast to night. God even takes the time to specify that the word day was speaking of a twenty-four-hour period as He states, “the evening and the morning were the first day.”  On each day of creation, the Bible states “the evening and the morning were the ____ day.” (verses 5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31) Exodus 20:11 states, “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day.”

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #1 – a Prophecy of Jesus …

            Creation                                     Jesus Christ

Holy Spirit Brooded                   Holy Spirit overshadowed

God spoke = Light                     God sent His Son = to be light

God saw it was good                  This is My Son = I am well pleased

Light divided / darkness           He is light / no darkness at all

God named the light                  God called His name Jesus

DAY TWO: On the second day of creation, God created the skies.

Genesis 1:6-8 – “And God said, ‘Let there be a VAULT between the waters to separate water from water.” So, God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it and it was so. God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning –  the second day.”

Research: In Hebrew the word VAULT (firmament) is “raqia” = SKY (the space above the earth that holds visible objects). This is the atmosphere that surrounds the earth. This atmosphere is necessary for human beings to breathe. Notice that God is step-by-step preparing a place for the purpose of His creation, the human race. Isaiah 40:12 says – “He has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, and the breadth of His hand measured out the heavens.” Isaiah 40:22 says – “He stretches out the heavens like a canopy and spreads them out like a tent to live in.”

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #2 – a Prophecy of Jesus on the cross

       Something / between                                 God *&* Man

Division had a purpose                           Bringing man back to God

Divide to bring together                          Jesus hung / 2 thieves

Word is fool to unbeliever                      Power of God to believer

One day divide sheep from goats          As the saved enter into Heaven

DAY THREE: On the third day of creation, God created the land, sea, and plants.

Genesis 1:9-13 – “And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear,” and it was so. God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters He called SEAS. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so. The Land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning – the third day.

Research: In Hebrew the word seas is “yam” (by extension: a large container of water).

In Hebrew the word earth is “eretz” (the inhabitable land parts of the earth). God created the seas, which make up our weather system to water the earth. Basic science reveals that the Sun shines on the ocean, which causes the water to evaporate up into the sky and form clouds. The wind then blows the clouds over across the land. The dry land draws the rain from out of the clouds in the lower regions. The higher clouds snow on the mountains ready to melt and flow down in the spring-time. This process continually purifies our water. Water is also absolutely necessary for human survival. Again, the earth is God’s special place of creation that He is making for the most Important object of His creation – the human race. (see Job 37:3-18; 38:1-38; Psalms 147:7-9)

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #3 – a Prophecy of Jesus’ resurrection.

Some Day Jesus is coming back.  And when He does – Let the earth bring forth – and our bodies and souls will be re-united.

In closing – Salvation is the weather system that purifies the soul: Listed below are the general steps that happen in a person’s heart when salvation comes to them.

Unless a person is BORN AGAIN, he cannot see the Kingdom of God. Even as our physical birth is a distinct experience, our salvation, or spiritual birth is a distinct experience. (John 3:3; 1 Pet. 1:22-23) We cannot bring about our own birth, and salvation is not accomplished through human effort. (Ephes. 2:8-10)

God commands all men everywhere to REPENT. To repent means to turn around 180 degrees and to walk in a different direction. No matter who we are, God has a better plan for our life. We need to turn around and follow God. (Rom. 3:23, 6:23; Acts 3:19, 17:30, 2 Cor. 7:10)

We must BELIEVE in Jesus the Son of God, and that God sent Him into the world to save us from our sins. Jesus Christ came into this world, lived a perfect sinless life, and then gave His life on the cross to pay the judgment price for our sins. God wants us to put our faith in His Son Jesus Christ. (John 3:15-18, 36; Acts 4:12; Rom. 1:16, 10:8-10)

We must CONFESS our sins. If we will confess our sins, God has promised that He is faithful to forgive us of our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (Rom. 8:8-10; 1 John 1:7-9)

We must RECEIVE Jesus Christ into our heart and life. Knowledge about God is a wonderful thing. God however wants us to go beyond knowledge of Him and to personally receive a personal relationship with Him. (John 1:12; Matt. 21:22; Gal. 4:5)

To receive Jesus Christ into our heart, we must INVITE Him in. God’s word promises that if we will invite Jesus into our heart, he absolutely will come in. (Rev. 3:20)



Intro: Man and woman are the most important part of God’ creation. Everything God created was prepared to provide for them and for their comfort.

DAY FOUR: On the fourth day of creation, God created the Son, Moon, and Stars.

Genesis 1:14-19 – “And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years, and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth. And it was so. God made two great lights – the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning – the fourth day.”

Research: In Hebrew the word for the Sun is “semes” (sunrise). God Himself clarifies that He created the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night. The Sun, Moon, and stars are part of God’s creation so we are able to keep tract of the time every day.

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #4 – The attention goes back to the Heavens – On the 40th day after the resurrection Jesus ascended back to Heaven!

God wants us to keep tract of the time, use our time wisely, and time ourselves to be ready for Jesus’ return.

Notes: We are also told about 2 great lights – the Sun = Jesus, and the Moon (which has no light of its own) but is a reflection of the Sun.  God wants us to be a reflection of His Son!

DAY FIVE: On the fifth day of creation, God created the birds and the sea creatures.

Genesis 1:20-23 – “And God said, “Let the water teem with LIVING CREATURES, and let BIRDS fly above the earth across the vault of the sky.

So, God created the GREAT CREATURES OF THE SEA and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth. And there was evening, and there was morning – the fifth day.”

Research: The Hebrew word for living creatures is “sherets” (active mass of wriggling creatures). The Hebrew word for birds is “owph” (covered with feathers & having wings). Note that in Genesis 1:21 God also made great sea creatures.

The Hebrew word for great sea creatures is “tanniyn” (great whales, as well as every other kind of larger sea life) God filled the air, great oceans, lakes, and streams with bountiful life, Again in preparation for the coming of the most important object of His creation, the human race.

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #5 – A prophecy of filling our lives with fruitfulness.

Birds in the sky = Blessings from above

Filling the ocean = Abundance all around us.

DAY SIX: On the sixth day of creation, God created the animals and the human race.

Genesis 1:24-27 – “And God said,“Let the land produce LIVING CREATURES according to their kinds: the LIVESTOCK, the creatures that move along the ground, and the WILD ANIMALS, each according to its kind.” And it was so. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, and all the CREATURES THAT MOVE ALONG THE GROUND according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground. So, God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created them; male and female He created them.

Genesis 1:31 – And there was evening, and there was morning – the sixth day.

Research: The Hebrew word for living creatures is “nephesh” (breathing creature). The Hebrew word for cattle (livestock) is “bhemah” (four legged), The Hebrew word for wild beast (wild animals) is “hay” (raw, living, appetite) The Hebrew word for creeping thing (move along the ground) is “remes” (crawling rapidly)

God filled the land areas with bountiful life, again in preparation for the coming of the most important object of His creation, the human race. Genesis 2:19-20 states – “God brought all the cattle, birds, and the beast of the field to Adam.” Apparently Adam already had the linguistic capacity to give them all names.

One of the most amazing things about the actual creation of man (Adam – then Eve) is some additional information that is given to us in Genesis chapter 2. Genesis 2:7 states that God actually formed man out of the dust of the ground, and then breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #6 – A prophecy of the great and final resurrection. Ecclesiastes 12:7 states, “The dust returns to the ground it came from, but the spirit returns to the God who breathed that breath of life into him in the first place.” (Psalms 104:29) Believers in the Lord Jesus Christ will spend eternity with the Lord.

In closing – The Second Coming of Jesus Christ:

There are many verses in the Bible that also describe a phenomenal final resurrection that is coming in the future. This event is more commonly known as the second coming of Jesus Christ or is often referred to as the rapture. The Bible informs us that no one knows the day or the hour of Jesus’ second coming, but for sure that event is going to happen. The Bible states that at the second coming of Jesus, the dead in Christ will rise from their graves, and Christians who are alive will be caught up with them to meet the Lord in the air. (1 Thess. 4:13-18, John 5:28-29)



We live in a day and age when people need more than ever to understand God’s purpose in having a day of rest.

Intro: In the New Testament the Sabbath is mentioned as also being symbolic of resting from thinking we can earn our way to heaven. Jesus is our Sabbath from sin. (Col. 2:16; Heb. 3:18; 4:1-11)

Genesis 2:1-3 – “Thus, the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work that He had been doing, so on the SEVENTH day He rested from all His work. Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it He rested from all the work of creating that He had done.”

Notes: The Hebrew word for seventh is the same root word for Sabbath “sabbat’ = to rest” (to cease, to stop) The word Sabbath means “to cease from exertion.” Two things are very interesting here.

(1) God Himself rested, and He specifically included this day as a part of His creation. God Himself surely did not need to rest. Isaiah 40:28 states – “Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and His understanding no one can fathom.”

(2) The first mention of the word Sabbath is found in Exodus 16:22-23. There we are told that after six days of gathering manna every day, the Children of Israel were instructed to take a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath on the next (seventh) day. The Sabbath was not just a day of rest however, it was to be a day of thanking God (worship) for delivering them out of Egypt, bondage, and slavery. (Burnt offerings were made on the Sabbath) God did not want His people to enter into their own new bondage of working and never resting. (Lev. 23:3; Num. 28:9-10)

Research: The Sabbath became a divine institution of the law under Moses. This Sabbath was one of the Ten Commandments, and the breaking of the Sabbath was punishable by death. (Exod. 20:11, 31:12-18)

It would seem very inadvisable however to think that we are bound to take someone’s life for not honoring the Sabbath today, but the Sabbath does remain as one of God’s Ten Commandments.

In Exodus 31:12-17, we are told that keeping the Sabbath was to be a sign between God and the Children of Israel throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.

There are some Christians today who still believe in observing the Jewish Sabbath on the seventh day of the week. While they are certainly free to conduct themselves in this way, there is a great deal of evidence in the Bible that after the resurrection of Jesus, the Christian church began to celebrate their salvation and deliverance from sin on the first day of the week. (If one is going to obligate oneself to the Old Testament Sabbath, one must also include taking one year off every seven years and forgiving all debts and returning all property every fifty years.) (Lev. 25:1-55)

Some people overlook the fullness of the fourth commandment. Exodus 20:9 begins with the words, “Six days shall you labor.” The commandment to work is a part of the same commandment that tells us to rest. The Bible says in 1 Timothy 5:8 that if a person does not provide for his own household, he has denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel, or unbeliever. In Matthew 12, the Pharisees complained because Jesus allowed His disciples to pluck some grain on the Sabbath. Jesus responded that He is Lord of the Sabbath. (Matt. 12:1-8)

In Mark 2:7, as the same event is described, the Bible goes on to say that Jesus said that the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. In other words, the Sabbath was never meant to demand something more from us, it was given to take obligations away from us because we need to rest from them. Mankind still needs to take one day of the week to rest in obedience to God.

There are at least three major reasons why man needs a day of rest and also worship.

  • Mankind needs to have his spirit replenished. (Isa. 40:31)
  • Mankind needs to have his soul renewed. (Matt. 11:28-30)
  • Mankind needs to have his body refreshed. (No quote needed)

Notes: Here are seven reasons as to why today we celebrate our rest and time of worship on the first day of the week instead of the seventh day of the week.

(1) Jesus was raised from the dead on the first day of the week. We meet on the first day of the week to celebrate His resurrection. (Mark 16:2-6)

(2) After the resurrection of Jesus, scripture often mentions Jesus meeting with His disciples on the first day of the week. (Mark 16:9, 12-14)

(3) Jesus met with His disciples, gave them the great commission, and imparted the Holy Spirit to them on the eighth day after his resurrection. (The first day of the next week) (John 20:19-23)

(4) The day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit was poured out, happened on the first day of the week. (Acts 2:1) (Pentecost was fifty days after the Passover. Seven weeks x seven days = forty-nine days = the first day of the next week)

(5) The last book of the Bible was written on the first day of the week. (Rev. 1:10)

(6) The early Church met for worship on the first day of the week. (Acts 20:6-7)

(7) Collections for the work of the ministry were taken on the first day of the week. (1 Cor. 16:2)

More notes: It seems that there has been a glorious transition from the Old Testament Jewish seventh day to the New Testament Christian Lord’s day. Here are eight comparisons:

(1) The seventh day celebrated the completion of creation – The first day celebrates the finished work of redemption.

(2) The seventh day celebrates the beginning of natural life – The first day celebrates the beginning of supernatural life.

(3) The seventh day celebrates the life of Adam – The first day celebrates the life of Jesus Christ.

(4) The seventh day celebrated the work of God’s hand – The first day celebrates the work of God’s heart.

(5) The seventh day celebrated God’s power – The first day celebrates God’s grace.

(6) The seventh day was given to Israel – The first day was given to the church.

(7) The seventh day was a shadow of something that was coming – The first day is a celebration that Jesus Christ has come. (Col. 2:14-17)

(8) The seventh day recognizes God at the end – The first day recognizes God in the beginning.

Lesson: Spiritual lessons from Day #7 – A prophecy of comparing earth to heaven.

          Genesis                                               Revelation

Let there be light                                 There will never be night

Division of land and sea                    There will be no more sea

The rule of the sun & moon              There will be no need for sun

Man is in the Garden                          Man is in a city of gold

A river flows out of the garden.        A river flows from God’s throne

Cannot eat of tree of life                     Eat from the tree of eternal life

List of some gem stones                      All manner of gem stones

God walked thru the garden              God will be with us at all times

In closingToday there is no question that we should reserve one day a week for God. Since the majority of churches have their main worship service on the first day of the week, this is the most opportune time to do so.

One should also remember that we should also celebrate a special Sabbath to God twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, three hundred and sixty-five days a year by resting in what Jesus Christ has done for us on the cross.



We live in a day and age when people need more than ever to understand God’s purpose in a husband and wife relationship.

Intro: The timeline listed below is admittedly pure conjecture and speculation. However, it is possibly somewhat relative to what actually happened on the sixth day of God’s creation. Consider this time-line just to get a picture of the sixth day:

6:00 AM       All the living creatures began to come into being.

8:00 AM       God forms man and breathes into him the breath of life.

8:15 AM       God places Adam in the Garden of Eden.

8:30 AM       Breakfast is served. (select fruit)

9:00 AM       Adam talks with God and names all of the animals.

12:00 PM      A nice lunch. (roots and berries)

1:00 PM        Adam takes a very deep-sleep nap. (God performs an operation)

3:00 PM       Adam awakes alongside beautiful Eve!

4:00 PM       After initial acquaintances, Adam & Eve tour their new home.

4:30 PM       God points out a certain tree they are to leave alone.

6:00 PM       Dinner (vegetable platter) and a movie. (The beautiful sky)

Genesis 2:7-10 – “The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man who He had formed. And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. (Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, and Euphrates)”

Genesis 2:15-25 – “Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and to keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” And the LORD God said, “It is not good that man should be alone, I will make him a helper comparable to him.” Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every beast of the field and every bird of the air and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. So, Adam gave names to all the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him. And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and God took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh in its place. Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to man. And Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man.” Therefore, a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.”

Notes: Consider God’s provision of the following listed basic needs of the human race:

(1) Man has a need for a place of his own – It is glorious and wonderful that God created the whole earth, but man needs someplace specifically for himself. God provided Eden, which was apparently uniquely beautiful. Most likely (based on the description in Gen 2:10-14) this garden was located north of the Persian Gulf, probably in present day Baghdad. Adam’s home was meant to be a place that was pleasant, permanent, peaceful, and secure.

(2) Man has a need for food – In Genesis 1:29 and again in Genesis 2:9 we see that the trees were not only pleasant to the sight but also good for food. Before the fall of man, the diet was evidently vegetarian. Nothing is said in the first two chapters of Genesis about eating animals. Adam and Eve simply ate of the herbs, the plants, and that which was on the trees. God provided wonderful variety. Adam and Eve even had four different bodies of water to choose to drink from. Note: The eating of meat is mentioned immediately after the flood. (Gen. 9:3-5)

(3) Man has a need for freedom – God told Adam he was free to choose from any tree in the garden except for one, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God was simply letting Adam know that freedom is not existential. We also need to learn to listen to God as we make our life’s choices so we chose what is best for ourselves.

(4) Man has a need for meaningful activity – God provided two kinds of meaningful activity for man. One was physical and the other was intellectual, the use of his mind. Man was not made for only food, freedom, and a hammock. Man has a deep need for:

  • Physical activity: Adam was to till the garden and keep it. Through working we are able to make accomplishments that provide for, improve and bless our lives.
  • Mental activity: Adam was also asked to name the animals. In the Hebrew culture, to name something was to describe its essence, its use, its behavior. Adam had to use his imaginative processes as he named the animals.

(5) Man has a need for a companion – It was not sufficient for man to have a place, food, freedom, and meaningful activity. There was another dimension within man that God had created him for. Man needed fellowship and companionship. The process and the wording of how God makes Eve is rich and full of deep understanding. Once again, the original Hebrew words also reveal a greater significance of understanding. Consider the following verses along with the Hebrew meanings:

Research: Genesis 2:18 – “It is not good that man should be alone, I will MAKE him a HELPER suitable FOR him.”

MAKE = “Asah” – to caress, to squeeze, to commit

HELPER = “Azar” – other self (other-half), protector, succorer

FOR = “Altenay” – face to face, eye to eye, chest to chest, waist to waist, knee to knee, toe to toe = perfect parallel

Notice also that God did not scoop up another clump of clay and create another species.

Genesis 2:21-22 – “And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and God took one of his RIBS and closed up the flesh in its place. Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man He made into a WOMAN, and He brought her to man. And Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man.”

RIB = “Tsela” – side chamber (notice that the rib was near his heart so that he would love her, under his side so he would protect her, and from the middle of his body so she would be the center of his life. Notice she was not taken from his foot so that he would walk on her, nor his mind to only rule over her)

WOMAN = “Issa” – womb-man (with feminine qualities & capabilities)

Genesis 2:24 – “Therefore, a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.”

We don’t marry into the other person’s dynasty. We become hooked together personally with our other-self. Marriage is a place to Leave (say goodbye to Mom and Dad), Weave, (get adjusted to your other-self), and Cleave (stay connected to each other).

Genesis 2:25 – “And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.”

Marriage is a place to be open and honest with each other and not live secret separate lives from one another.

Ephesians 5:21-22, & 25 – Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. Wives submit your-selves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord – Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her.

In the Greek language, the word “submit” is actually closer to our understanding of the word “cover.” It is like when one policeman says to his partner, “COVER ME!” Marriage is a place to watch out for and take care of (cover) each other. We all have strengths and weaknesses. When a husband loves his wife like Christ loved the church and lays down his life for her, she will have no problem submitting to him. (the opposite is true too!)

Lesson: is an excellent resource for marriage counsel. The site states that there are four major areas of concern in marriage regarding the differences between a man and a woman. These differences are listed here and are listed in order of importance. As a pastor and counselor for over forty years, I have found these suggestions to be profoundly true.

MEN NEED –                                  WOMEN NEED

Honor & Respect                            Security & Stability

Friendship                                        Soft non-sexual affection

Sexual relations                              Open honest communication

Domestic support                           Leadership

In closing – There is obviously another extremely important part of marriage that is not addressed particularly in Genesis chapter two but is mentioned in Genesis chapter one.

Genesis 1:27-28 – “So, God created mankind in His own image, in the image of God He created them male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, ‘Be fruitful and increase in number: fill the earth …”

God instituted marriage as a union between male and female in order that they would come together and fill the earth with Godly offspring. There is evidence in Genesis chapter six that the failure to do this was a key factor concerning the devastating flood in the days of the life of Noah and his family. In Genesis 9:1 – after the flood had subsided, God re-issued this command that raising Godly children is His intentions for the man and the woman’s relationship. (See Prov. 5:15-20, 18:22) was founded by Pastors Jimmy & Karen Evans

Their website has books, conferences, counseling, and other resources

*See message on marriage in Samples: Topical



Intro: Among the trees in the Garden of Eden, God placed two unique trees. The tree of life, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God informed Adam that he was free to eat from any of the trees in the Garden of Eden, except the tree of the knowledge of good an evil. God informed Adam that eating from that tree would bring about death. It should be noted that the Genesis record does not say that God created evil. God created a tree which was good, however, it was not to be eaten. God could have said, “Don’t cross this stream,” or “Don’t climb this hill” or even, “Stay away from this animal.” It wasn’t the tree in particular that was wrong, it was doing what God had told Adam not to do. If the choice of eating from that forbidden tree was selected, it would initiate disobedience, the essence of sin. Simply put, if God says not to do something and we determine to go ahead and do it anyway, that is sin. (James 1:13-15, 4:17)

Genesis 3:1-7 – “Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’” Then the serpent said to the woman, “You shall not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.’” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.”

Research: Much of the universe was made to exist in established dimensions. All of the animals, for instance, pretty much just follow inbred instincts. Dogs howl at an ambulance, and cats hiss over their territory, etc. All of the way up the so called “food chain,” the survival of the fittest, especially in the wild, happens in a seemingly God established pecking order. The human race, while we do have some similarities, is the one part of God’s creation that is not totally programmed in every area to behave in a certain kind of way. Human beings are different. We have a freedom of choice in many areas. We can howl at an ambulance, or hiss at other people, but hopefully we will choose not to. We have almost an unending list of choices, but one of the elements of the freedom of choice is obedience.

It is at once interesting to also note that of all of the animal kingdom, most every other part of God’s creation reaches maturity within about one year. From that time on they live and survive by their own natural instincts. Mankind, on the other hand, needs a very minimum of at least thirteen (maybe sixteen or more) years to be able to care for one’s self. So, God made plans to place humans with parents who would love, care for, and teach their children some basics of life during this long period of maturation. It is during this period of time that hopefully we all learn that some things are right and some things are wrong. We often must learn to make good choices between the two.

When God placed Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, He was not only their creator, He was their parent. Any good parent basically instructs their children not do certain things because they know it will either harm them or that it just simply won’t be good for them. Parents, admittedly, can make mistakes, but with God, He knows what is right and what is wrong one hundred percent of the time.

God gave the man and the woman the freedom to choose to love and respond to Him by obeying His words. God wanted His children to show their love for Him by obeying Him. When you have children, how do you measure their love? Our children will tell us with words that they love us, but those words must also be consistent with deeds. We cannot separate duty from love.

Consider the four common steps of temptation and the fall of man:

The suggestion level. Somehow from within or outside of ourselves there comes the suggestion that we might do something to disobey God. There are two major ways that temptation often comes to us.

(1) Adam and Eve, listened to the serpent (devil) who made a suggestion that was absolutely wrong. (Gen 3:1-3)

Note: The origin of Satan is not entirely clear, but we do have details from two places in scripture. In Isaiah 14:12-17 and Ezekiel 28:11-19, we are told that Satan was once an angel in heaven. He was probably the choir leader. Satan somehow determined that he wanted to be just like God. He rebelled against God and was cast out of heaven to the earth, and to this day he tries to interfere with the people of God. (Luke 10:17-18; 1 Pet. 5:8-9)

Several places in the Bible tell us that Satan will disguise himself as an angel of light. The name “devil” in Greek means deceiver. The name “Satan” in Hebrew means adversary. (2 Cor. 11:14, Rev. 12:9)

Notice how the devil works. The serpent’s purpose is to get us to begin to doubt what God has said. In Genesis 3:1 the serpent says, “Did God say you shall not eat?” He wants you to question God or His word. Once the serpent gets you to listen to that, he will then try to distort what God has said. In Genesis 3:3 the serpent says, “You will not certainly die, for God knows that … ” He wants you to believe that God is not treating you right. The purpose of the serpent’s temptation is to get us to substitute our own judgment for God’s judgment.

(2) Adam and Eve were also tempted by their own fleshly desires. (Gen 3:4)

God Himself does not tempt us. We are tempted to sin when we are drawn away by our own desires (lust) to do what we want to do. When we follow through with our own desires (temptations), we conceive sin in and of ourselves. (Jas. 1:13-14)

The meditation level –  The serpent continues to attack as long as we allow the process to continue. The serpent next says, “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good from evil.” (Gen 3:4) The serpent did not start out by flatly disagreeing with God. He only reasoned that perhaps you are wrong. But now he is taking it to the next level and attacking the character of God.

The consent level – We have three areas inside our hearts that we must constantly be on guard against. The lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life. (1 John 2:16)

Eve saw that the tree was good for food (body/flesh), a delight to her eyes (something esthetic), and that it would make her wise (fulfill her personality). (Gen 3:6) Sin most always presents itself as attractive in the beginning. When we first enter into sin it can happen in a very subtle way. Over time however, it becomes less subtle and more direct. Ultimately, we can become so captivated we continue even though we want to be free.

The commission level – Eve finally bit the bait, she not only ate the forbidden fruit, but also gave some to her husband (who was with her at the time by the way). (Gen 3:6) Adam should have told Eve not to do it, but instead he participates too. Adam and Eve could have stopped and repented right then and found forgiveness like the city of Nineveh. (Jonah 3:6-10)

Adam and Eve have both now violated the only direct command of God. They did not yet have ten commandments, just one, and they broke it. (James 4:17, Prov. 14:12) There are three words the Bible uses to describe sin. Their meanings help us understand what has happened.

  • The word “sin” means to miss the mark. It is like shooting an arrow at the target, but your arrow does not get even close to the bulls-eye, your arrow falls short of the whole target.
  • The word “trespass” means to be outside of the boundaries/lines we should live inside of.
  • The word “debt” means something that you have not paid for and made right.

Now let’s consider the terrible results. Adam and Eve immediately realize something is terribly different. They perceive that they are now naked and try to cover up what they have done. Satan promised that they would not die but he was wrong. Listed below are the things that died:

  • There was death to their innocence.
  • There was death to their perfect relationship with God.
  • There was death to their perfect relationship with each other.
  • They lost their beautiful home.
  • They now lived under a curse.
  • They would now face death itself at the end of their lives. 

Lesson: Jesus set a perfect example for us when the devil tempted Him. (Matt 4:1-11) With each temptation Jesus quoted and stood firm in obedience to God’s word. James 4:7 says, “Submit to God, resist the devil and he will flee from you.” Jesus taught that if your eye, foot, or hand is doing wrong, cut it off. (Matthew 5:28-29) I don’t believe we do this literally. I believe this means: if we catch ourselves seeing something wrong STOP, if we get past that and catch ourselves walking towards it STOP, if we catch ourselves now touching the wrong thing STOP. The best way to empower ourselves to do this is to daily read God’s word. (Psalm 119:11)

In closing – Adam and Eve represent every male and female on the Face of the earth. We have all sinned. (Romans 3:23) The results of our sins are that we too have separated ourselves from God. (Romans 6:23) Thank God there is also good news. (John 3:16) Jesus said “The thief comes to steal, kill, and to destroy, but I am come that you might have life. (John 10:10)



Intro: Sometimes when things are hidden or forbidden it may excite us or make us want to figure out what it is. We sometimes suppose that when we pull away the covering we will find something beautiful. Sin often comes to us in that kind of fashion and process. Sin also often starts out subtle. It does not appear to be so very bad, but the effects of it can lead to disaster. All too often, instead of something beautiful, we find we have unleashed forces that are monstrous and evil.

Genesis 3:8-24 – “And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD among the trees in the garden. Then the LORD God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?” So he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.” And God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?” Then the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.” And the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” So the LORD God said to the serpent: “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all the cattle, and more than every beast of the field; on your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.”

Research: The effects of the sin of Adam and Eve brings results immediately in many ways.

There is shame, guilt, and blame. In Genesis 3:8 we are told that Adam and Eve felt naked and the need to cover themselves. They soon find out however that what they made was not sufficient. God saw right through their supposed hiding. For the first time Adam and Eve are not looking forward to the presence of God.

There are also others problems:

  • One cannot hide from God behind a tree or clothing. (Num. 32:23)
  • Sin produces a fear of God in our hearts. (See Rev. 6:16)
  • Wanting to be in and enjoy the presence of the Lord is the glory of obedience. (see Gen 4:7)

There is however some good news:

  • God doesn’t stop looking for us. In Genesis 3:9 God asks, “Where are you?”
  • Obviously, God knew right where Adam and Eve were, but He wanted them to voluntarily present themselves to Him as a point of repentance.
  • God is ruling out two options He could have taken. He could have just annihilated them – or He could have just left them to themselves. (2 Peter 3:9)
  • God chooses neither of those options, He seeks restoration.

Adam’s first response to God was far less than honest.

  • Adam could have said, “I have sinned, I am ashamed, and I am sorry! (1 John 1:9)
  • Instead Adam blames his actions on God and also his wife, Eve. (Gen 3:10-1
  • Notice God does not even comment on Adam’s answer.

God asks Adam how he knows he is naked.

  • God surely knew the answer to His own question. Some of the greatest truths in the world are discovered by asking obvious questions. (Job chapters 38- 41)

God asks Eve, “What is this that you have done?” (Gen 3:13)

  • Eve blames the whole thing on the serpent. (Gen 3:13)
  • God does not comment on Eve’s answer either.
  • One of the greatest marks of maturity or spirituality is to take responsibility for everything that you have done. Don’t blame your spouse on all your marriage problems. Don’t blame your kids for everything. Don’t blame your boss or that supposed favorite employee about all the job problems, or bad grades on a lousy teacher. Take responsibility and God will provide a remedy.

Notes: The ultimate results of the sin of Adam And Eve.

Sin causes condemnation and judgment. God’s first judgment came on the serpent, and then on the woman, and finally on the man. (Gen 3:15-19)

(1) We need to understand that there is a curse that has been put on Satan (the serpent) Genesis 3:15 is the first prophecy in scripture that there is going to be a coming redeemer to smash the head of the devil with a mortal wound. His name is Jesus Christ the Son of God. (Rom 16:20, Col 2:13-15, Hebrews 2:14-18)

(2) There is a condemnation, or judgment, passed upon the woman. (Gen 3:16)

The judgment is not that women will bear children. Children are not the curse of the fall. God is saying that at the most beautiful event of life there will be the threat of death. But more to the point, man is now put into a dominant position of being a ruler over his spouse. (Gen 3:16, Ephesians 5:22-24)

(3) There is condemnation, or judgment, passed on to Adam. (Gen 3:17-19)

Man will no longer tend a perfect garden, but battle an environment of thorns, thistles, and working by the sweat of his brow. (Rom. 8:20-23) Finally, God says when you die your body will return to the dust. (Gen 3:19)

(4) The final effect of sin is separation. We must come to the understanding however that even God’s judgment results in His mercy. (Gen 3:22-24) In Genesis 3:21 we are told that God made garments of skin for Adam and Eve to cover themselves with. Although it is not specifically mentioned, the only probable place these skins could have come from was some innocent animals whose lives were taken in order to provide this covering. Surely God would have explained this process to them for their understanding. In Genesis chapter four we are told that Adam and Eve’s son, Abel, knew that to bring this kind of offering would be pleasing to God. (Gen 4:3) Substitution, atonement, and forgiveness are some of the most basic themes of the Bible. (Lev 17:11, Rom 5:8, Heb. 9:11-15, 10:9-10)

Because of sin, eternal human life would be an eternal hell. So God sends Cherubim to guard any entrance back into the Garden of Eden with a flaming sword of prevention. (Gen 3:22-24) Cherubim will later in the Bible become the symbol of access to God. You will find them in the Tabernacle in the wilderness (Exo. 25:18-22), and the temple of Solomon. (1 Kings 6:23-28; 2 Chron. 2:1-18, 3:1-17, 4:1-22) You will also find them in Heaven worshipping around the throne of God. (Rev. 4) God was saying there is going to be amnesty. You are going to be able to re-enter a new Eden in heaven. Christ will come and open up the way.

Lesson: There are many verses in the Bible that also describe an extremely phenomenal final resurrection that is coming in the future. This event is more commonly known as the second coming of Jesus Christ or is often referred to as the rapture. The Bible informs us that no one knows the day or the hour of Jesus’ second coming, but for sure that event is going to happen. (Matthew 24)

The Bible states that at the second coming of Jesus, the dead in Christ will rise from their graves, and Christians who are alive will be caught up with them to meet the Lord in the air. (1 Thess. 4:13-18, John 5:28-29)

(See Matt. 24, 1 Cor. 15:51-54, 1 Thess. 5:1-3, 2 Pet. 3:9-13, Rev. 19:11-21, chapters 20-22)

In closingRemoving sin from out of our lives is so important to God that the Bible lists seven things that God does in order to relieve us from the consequences of sin. (See list below)

  1. God forgives us of our sins. (1 John 1:9)
  2. God changes the color of our sins from red to white. (Isa. 1:18)
  3. God casts our sins into the sea of forgetfulness. (Mic. 7:19)
  4. God removes our sins as far as the east is from the west. (Psa. 103:12)
  5. God casts our sins behind His back. (Isa. 38:17)
  6. God blots out our sins. (Isa. 43:25)
  7. God forgets our sins. (Isa. 43:25)



Intro: The first sin occurred due to the guise of a serpent. The second sin occurred due to the guise of religious worship. One would think that Adam and Eve did not want another interruption in their relationship with God. One would think that they would go out of their way to instill Godly principles in the lives of their two sons. The Bible does not say, but it is fair to assume that the boys were taught about Mom and Dad’s fall into sin. How else would Abel have known it was appropriate to bring the first born from his flock to present as an offering to God?  The difference between the two young men’s offerings is obviously the center of the problem. This is not a story about farmers being rejected and sheepherders being accepted. Abel decided to humble himself and present an offering of a living innocent sacrifice for himself to God. Cain, on the other hand, decided to offer God a representation of his own accomplishments. Cain, probably in a fit of jealousy, is so angry he takes his own brother’s life. Like his parents, Cain then decided to try to cover up his wrong actions rather than face up to his error. There are many today who rather than obey the truth, either feel they can live by their own merit, or instead deny the very existence of God altogether.

Genesis 3:4-24 – “Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, ‘I have acquired a man from the LORD.’ Then she bore again, this time his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the LORD. Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the LORD respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. So the LORD said to Cain, ‘Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you don’t do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.’ Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him. Then the LORD said to Cain, ‘Where is Abel your brother?’ He said, ‘I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?’ And God said, ‘What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. A Fugitive and a vagabond you shall be on the earth.’ And Cain said to the LORD, ‘My punishment is greater than I can bear! Surely You have driven me out this day from the face of the ground; I shall be hidden from Your face; I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth, and it will happen that anyone who finds me will kill me.’ And the LORD said to him, ‘Therefore, whoever kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.’ And the LORD set a mark on Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him. Then Cain went out from the presence of the LORD and dwelt in the land of Nod on the east of Eden.”

Research: It is fascinating to see how God calls our attention to our sins. God asks Cain, “Why are you angry?” “Why do you look so downcast?” “What have you done?” Surely God knew the answer to His own questions. God is basically saying, “What were you thinking?” On the occasion of the first sin, Adam and Eve’s sin, God asked, “Where are you?” The first sin was against God. Now God asks, “Where is your brother?” The second sin is against man. These two questions are the seed plot of all of the Bible. All sin revolves around one of these two issues. Where are you with God, and where are you with your brother?

If you look at the first four of the ten commandments, they declare where we need to be with God. The last six commandments declare where we need to be with our fellow man. In Mark 12:28-34, a young scribe asks Jesus which is the greatest commandment?  Jesus answers, that we should love God above all else and then to love others as much as we love ourselves.

Notes: Notice once again that blame becomes a major factor. Remember how that Adam blamed Eve, and Eve blamed the serpent? Cain is not only angry, he is also angry at his brother. This indicates he still doesn’t want to except the fact that he was wrong. Instead he is thinking that his brother made him look bad. Surely, he blames his rejection from God on his brother who had brought the more acceptable offering. What he should have said is, “I am sorry, I was wrong.”

(1) God Himself explains to Cain the problem. “If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you don’t do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.” Genesis 4:7 is the first mention of the word “sin” in the Bible. God is explaining to Cain, and to us, the answer to our biggest problem. Sin lies at the door! A door is a symbol of entering into something. In this life there will be doors that present themselves to us. A lot of those doors are the wrong door. God tells Cain that those doors will be desirable to you, but you need to rule over your desires and do the right things. Cain should have first chosen the doorway of doing the right thing. But even after he failed he could have stopped and made things right. He could have repented. He could and should have decided to humble himself and present an offering of a living innocent sacrifice for himself to God, just like his brother Abel did.

(2) How gracious God is to give Cain a chance to make things right. There is never an injustice with God in His dealings with us. Cain does not, however, take the advice of God. Cain does not bring another appropriate sacrifice. Instead, Cain opens another wrong door. The door of vengeance. Cain is now so caught up in his own stubborn will that he apparently takes no thought for the life of his own brother. We must understand that every wrong door we chose to walk through makes it that much easier to walk through another wrong door. Most of the time the wrong actions get worse and worse.

Imagine what it must have felt like for Cain to stand there and look at his own brother’s lifeless body. Apparently, the shame and shock were still not enough to bring him to repentance. Jesus tells us in Matthew 5:21-26, that murder begins in the heart. Jesus teaches that even anger itself is subject to God’s judgment. Jesus teaches that if we want to come and bring an offering before God, we need to go and be reconciled with anyone we have an issue with first.

(3) Murder is a capital offense. Capital punishment could have been imposed on Cain. God does some-thing else instead. God curses the soil (the fruit-bearing) that Cain was so proud of. It is incredible to read Cain’s response. In Genesis 4:13-15 Cain actually complains to God about his punishment. Worse yet, notice that Cain imposes more upon himself than God does. Cain declares that he is now hidden from the face of God. That is the exact opposite of what God wants from any of us. Cain also claims that anyone who ever meets him will kill him. God in His mercy declares that will not happen.

(4) No doubt, the saddest part of this entire event is Cain’s final action. Genesis 4:16 tells us that Cain walked away from the presence of God. Surely Cain could still have repented and found a way to restore a relationship with such a loving and forgiving God. Isaiah 1:18 says, “Come now let us reason together, though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.” Hebrews 13:8 tells us that God is the same yesterday, and today, and forever. Just as God covered Adam and Eve, Cain surely could have found a covering too.

Romans 3:23 says, “All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.”

Romans 6:23 says, “The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life.” We must understand that we are all born with what the Bible calls a “sin” or “carnal” nature. In Romans 7:14 we are told that it does not normally come naturally to us to do the right thing in the sight of God. We often struggle from within because we desire to do what pleases our own selves instead. Even when we want to do the right things, often our inner nature seems to be resistant in and of itself. (Rom. 7:14-25)

We must understand however, that when we yield to the desires of our own flesh, we almost always do the wrong thing. Spiritual (Godlike) maturity is often developed in us through the process of determining to resist our own carnal, fleshly desires, and to continually strive to do what is right in the sight of God, even when our flesh does not want to. (Rom. 8:5-14; Gal. 5:16-17, 24-25)

When we allow our carnal nature to be in control, we suppress our own ability to mature and develop spiritually. (1 Corinthians 3:1-3) When we press in and bring our carnal nature under subjection to God, we bring about great spiritual growth within ourselves. (1 Cor. 9:24-27)

In closingGod’s answer to this problem is a process called sanctification. The word sanctification is first found in Genesis 2:3. There we are told that God sanctified the seventh day and set it apart as a day of rest. The obvious meaning of the word sanctified is that it means “to be separated or set apart.” God wants us to separate ourselves from our inclinations to doing wrong, and to go and stand by, and do, the right things instead.

Sanctification is the work of the Holy Spirit that separates believers from sin and evil, and dedicates them to the worship and service of the Lord. There are two distinct acts of sanctification that we need to understand. The first is an initial act of sanctification at conversion. At this point, the believer is declared sanctified, or set apart, by God. (1 Cor. 6:11; Heb. 10:10) The second act of sanctification is a continuing process, as we cooperate with the Holy Spirit in putting to death wrong desires. This we must consistently and daily strive to do all of our lives. (2 Cor. 3:18; Phil. 2:12; 1 Pet. 1:13-16)



Intro: There are two genealogies given in Genesis chapters four and five. The first genealogy is that of Cain, the oldest son of Adam and Eve. The second genealogy is that of Adam and Eve’s third son, Seth. Both of these genealogies are important. First of all, they remind us of the unity of the human race. The Bible informs us that all of mankind descended from one family. The apostle Paul reminds us of this in Acts 17:26 where it says “From one, God has made every family which dwells upon the face of the earth. Secondly, this tells us that there is no room for racial, ethnic, or any other kind of prejudice. In God’s eyes we are all brothers and sisters in this world. The human race made the choice very early however, to divide into two divisions: Those who chose to walk with God, and those who chose to walk away from God. Cain had conversations with God and knew that God existed. Cain determined to walk away and build a society without God anyway. (Gen 4:16)

Genesis 4:17-26 – “And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he built a city, and he called the name of the city after the name of his son – Enoch. To Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methushael, and Methushael begot Lamech. Then Lamech took for himself two wives: the name of one was Adah, and the name of the second was Zillah. And Adah bore Jabal. He was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. His brother’s name was Jubal. He was the father of all those who play the harp and flute. And as for Zillah, she also bore Tubal-Cain, an instructor of every craftsman in bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-Cain was Naamah. Then Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; wives of Lamech, listen to my speech! For I have killed a man for wounding me, even a young man for hurting me. If Cain shall be avenged seven-fold, then Lamech seventy-seven fold.”

Research: God instructed Adam & Eve in Genesis 1:26-28 that His will was that man’s primary duty was to rule the animal kingdom and raise up Godly offspring. Notice the emphasis in Cain’s genealogy on establishing and building material things instead. Cain was attempting to build a society without God. In the culture of that time and all through the Bible, it was common to give your children names that spoke of your aspiration for their lives. Notice the downward spiral even in the names given to each succeeding generation. The true meanings of their names suggest the following possibilities:

Name – Meaning Life’s workApparent accomplishments
Enoch – To initiateTo establish a cityEstablish their posterity
Irad – City DwellerMaintain the citySelf-preservation
Mehujael – Smitten of GodFeeling repentant?Lack of true fulfillment
Methusael – Man asked of GodDesiring change?Maybe we have it wrong?
Lamech – Conqueror   (Lamech is a turning point backwards toward further alienation from God) Lamech declares he sees himself as some sort of super-heroFirst case of polygamy,   2nd mention of murder, Brags about his crime
Lamech’s wife Adah – OrnamentBeauty queenTrophy wife
Lamech’s wife Zillah – ShadowCommon personSuffers 2nd place
Jabel – Tent DwellerRaises cattleBusiness entrepreneur
Jubal – MusicianInvents lyre and fluteSocietal enhancement
Tubal-Cain – Metal workerManufacturerBronze, iron, (weapons?)
Naamah – Pleasant/prettyNobilityNothing known

Notes: There must be a reason why the lineage of Cain includes only earthy non-spiritual information.

(1) Cain’s descendants kept making choices of self-fulfillment and never came back to God seeking repentance. By contrast, any comments made in Seth’s lineage include points of walking with God. In Seth’s lineage we are told: at the arrival of Seth’s first-born, men began at that time calling on the name of the LORD (Gen 4:26); that Enoch walked with God (Gen 5:22); and that “Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God.” (Gen 9:1). In Hebrews 11:10 we are told that, “Abraham looked for a city whose builder and maker is God.”

(2) Although the Bible doesn’t necessary call them out specifically, Cain’s descendants would have been present in the time of Noah’s life just prior to the flood. Genesis chapter six describes a world now full of people who have walked away from God. We cannot say for sure, but it is conceivable that the descendants of Cain had somehow even influenced and had overcome the Godly influence of the descendants of Seth. How appropriate that while building the ark, Noah was giving out a warning that judgment was coming if people did not repent. The terrible result was that only Noah and his family entered the ark and were spared.

(3) There are many verses in the Bible that describe in many ways the wonderful mercy of God. (Exo. 34:6-7, Lam. 3:22-23, Psa. 145:8-9, Heb. 4:16) One cannot help but wonder how bad it now must have become for God to not only regret that he had made human beings, but to decide the only remedy was to wipe them out, and to start over with the family of Noah. Noah, of course, was a Godly descendant of Seth who had kept the faith. In fact, 2 Peter 2:5 describes Noah as a “preacher of righteousness.” (See Heb. 11:7)

Lesson: In Matthew chapter 24, we not only see a repetition of a Cain-like rejection of God, but it is certainly also a picture of today’s modern world. Matthew 24:37-38 says, “As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of man. For in the days before the flood people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark.” Notice the things that are pointed out above all else is the lack of people choosing a Godly mate, honoring their marriage vows, and worst of all, raising their children in a sinful atmosphere.

In closingCain and his descendants were apparently the founders and developers of many things that seemed to be bringing great advancements into the world. Let’s consider the too often results of man’s inventions when coupled with a lack of righteous and Godlike intent. (One) Enoch established a city, i.e. a governing authority. Government is good and needful, and yet too often can be corrupted. (Two) It is possible that Mehujael and Methusael were wanting to return to their ancestral roots of seeking God, but it did not happen. Instead Lamech came along and sex, violence, and murder came to the forefront and became common place. (Three) Jubal developed the music industry. Music can soothe, build up, inspire, and elevate. Music can also inspire chaos. In a test a few years ago, mice were put in a maze with cheese at the exit. While playing classical music the mice found their way through the maze in just five minutes. While playing heavy metal it took the mice thirty-seven and a half minutes of confusion to finally arrive at the exit. (Four) Tubal-Cain developed the making of tools from bronze and iron. In the last century man has discovered how to split the atom creating a phenomenal power. But then man turned that invention into a bomb capable of mass destruction. Mankind discovered how to fly machines in the air for rapid transit. But then man decided to use that plane to drop bombs on people.

When mankind steps away from God’s intended patterns of grace, healing, mercy, forgiveness, and reconciliation, it always turns into a dead-end street. Every one of us today must make the same choice. We choose the Godly path of Seth or the ungodly way of Cain.



Intro: Genesis chapter five begins with the words, “This is the book of the generations of Adam, in the day that God created man, in the image and likeness of God.” (KJV) In Hebrew, the word for book is “seper.” Seper literally means, “to prop or support by speaking from the heart of the leader’s choice.” This word, seper, carries the idea of a father instructing his children concerning the need of the primacy of God in their life. In other words, God desires every father to instruct his children, so that they will also do the same with their children in perpetuity. In doing this every one of us can be actively involved in carrying forward God’s desire for His creation. We need to be people of the book of God.

Genesis 5:1-5 – “This is the written account of Adam’s family line. When God created mankind, He made them in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And He named them “mankind” when they were created. When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died.”

Research: Genesis chapter five is a like a genealogical register (book) of the lineage of the first ten generations of the families of the earth who chose to walk with God. To understand more about chapter five, we need to go back to Genesis chapter four There, we are told that the first man God made, Adam, and his wife, Eve, had three sons. Then we are told they also had an unknown number of sons and daughters. Genesis chapter five lists each first-born, their first-born, and the fact that they also had many other children. The following chart is taken from the narrative of Genesis chapter five.

Name – Meaning Year at BirthYear of HistoryAge/first child bornAge/Year at death
Adam – Red DirtYear ONE4004 B.C.130930/3074 B.C.
Seth – Substitute1303874 B.C.105912/2962 B.C.
Enos – Mortal Frailty2353769 B.C.90905/2864 B.C.
Cainan – “Smith”3253679 B.C.70910/2769 B.C.
Mahalaleel – God be Praised3953609 B.C.65895/2714 B.C.
Jared – Descent4603544 B.C.162962/2582 B.C.
Enoch – Dedication6223382 B.C.65365/3017 B.C.-T
Methuseleh – Judgment6873317 B.C.187969/2348 B.C.
Lamech – Conqueror8743130 B.C.182777/2353 B.C.
Noah – Come to Rest10562948 B.C.500950/1998 B.C.
NOTES: I believe there is a reason for all these listings of names and ages in Genesis chapter five. As one calculates all these birth and death dates, notice the following things.

(1) Adam lived long enough to overlap the life of Lamech, the father of Noah, by fifty-six years. Surely there were family events and reunions over that time. I believe It is also reasonable to conclude that Grandpa Adam and Grandma Eve became people of the book of God. They were also a part of being a Godly influence on their sons, daughters, and their grandchildren.

(2) Seth, Adam and Eve’s son, also lived long enough to see and know his lineage of children and grandchildren all the way down to Lamech, the father of Noah. Seth lived long enough to overlap the life of Lamech by one hundred and sixty-eight years. I believe that during all those years, Seth continued living the book of God before his sons, daughters, and grandchildren.

(3) Enos, the grandson of Adam, lived long enough to know Adam for six hundred and ninety-five years, and then to also know his children and grandchildren all the way to overlapping the life of Lamech, the father of Noah, by two hundred and sixty-six years, and overlapping the life of Noah by eighty-four years. Enos was another man of the book of God. You can do the math for some of these. Let’s go to Enoch, a man of great revival.

(4) Enoch, the great, great, great, great grandson of Adam, lived long enough to know Adam for three hundred and eight years, Seth, and Enos, for three hundred and sixty-five years. It would have been much longer, but we are told that Enoch walked so close to God that God took him home to heaven with Him when he was three hundred and sixty-five years old. Surely these are signs of passing down their faith in God to the next generation. No wonder that when Noah came along he was a righteous man before God living out the book of God before his sons too. (Gen. 9:1)

More notes: The age of these generations of men and their families admittedly seem unbelievable at first glance. Although we cannot say for certain, there are some factors that we must take into consideration in order to comprehend these lengthy life spans.

(1) Most importantly, the Bible declares this to be their ages. God no doubt has protected His word through the ages of time, and His word is true. (See 2 Tim 3:16-17, 2 Pet 1:20-21) In 1 Chronicles 1:1-4 and Luke 3:36-38 their names are repeated in the lineage of Adam. This tells us that they were accepted as actual historical people by the later Biblical writers.

(2) Most likely the climatic, environmental, disease organisms present today, and many other conditions (hyperbaric pressures, radiation filtering effects, etc.) prior to the flood were incomparably different than they are today. There are well over 50 measureable chemicals in our bodies today (such as lead, mercury, and pesticides) that did not exist for many centuries of human history.

(3) The Earth’s conditions following the flood had to have been very different. We notice almost immediately that life spans were significantly lowered following the flood. (See Gen 6:4)

Lesson: The important point being made in this chapter is not necessarily how long that these men lived. The important point being made is that these men were apparently devout enough in their faith that it continued on through their children. Knowing that human nature is consistent all through the Bible, we know that most likely even with the Godly it is not a perfect world. Only Enoch, for instance, was so close to God that he went to heaven quite early. Surely all of these people lived through days of testing and trials of their faith.

In closingThe Bible would contain a multitude of volumes if every event of every person was recorded. We are safe to assume that, like Adam and Eve, in every generation they made mistakes and had to go to God for forgiveness. The lineage chart tells us that somehow, they got back up again and again, and found their way back to a continuing relationship with their creator. We can stand upon God’s promise in Proverbs 22:6, “Train up a child in the way they should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it.” Like Cain, however our descendants must always make that choice for themselves too.



Intro: True judgment is a preventative of further wrong doing. When people know they will be punished for doing wrong, it becomes a tremendous incentive to do right. True judgment, therefore, is really a sign of mercy.

Genesis 6:1-8 – “Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose. And the LORD said, ‘My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.’ There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. So the LORD said, ‘I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping things and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.” But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.”

Research: The story of Noah and the ark is obviously a phenomenal story. It is a story that is often denied by the unbeliever and also mistakenly interpreted. Let’s begin by substantiating the validity of this event. In 1 Chronicles 1:3-4, Noah is listed in the genealogy of Adam to Abraham. In Isaiah 54:9, the author specifically mentions the flood. In Ezekiel 14:14-20, Noah is mentioned as one of the three greatest righteous men of all time. In Luke 3:33, Noah is listed in the genealogy of Jesus to Adam. In Hebrews 11:7-8, Noah and the ark are mentioned as the point of saving his family, Both 1 Peter 3:20 and 2 Peter 3:3-6 mention Noah, the flood, and the destruction of the planet earth. More important than all of these, in Matthew 24:37-39 and Luke 17:26, Jesus Himself alludes to Noah and the ark. If this story is not true, the entire Bible loses its authenticity.

The apostle Paul stated in Romans 15:4, “For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and the comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.” In other words, this story has great application to our lives today. In fact, both Jesus and Peter tell us that this event applies to us today more than any other generation. The world that was once destroyed by water, will eventually be destroyed by fire.

Notes: The message of this world-wide flood is best understood in the context of four general applications:

(1) Certain conditions provoke the judgment of God. There are three conditions that seem to prevail above any other.

(a) The Biblical narrative stresses the fact that too many people were estranging themselves from God. Genesis 6:5 tells us that people were basically ignoring the relationship that God desired from them. Even we as Christians would do well to examine ourselves regularly and be sure we are keeping ourselves in faithfulness and obedience to God. (See 2 Cor. 13:5-6, 2 Pet. 1:10-11) The blight of our generation is atheism, and all kinds of general disbelief.

(b) The fore-ordained marriage covenant from God was being violated on every hand. God’s design for marriage is clearly seen as for one man and one woman in permanent covenant with each other and with God. (Gen. 2:18, 21-24) Genesis chapter six informs us that the men of God were making choices primarily based on physical attributes. (Gen. 6:1-4) One real problem is when a believer marries a non-believer. It is much easier to pull someone down than it is to pull someone up. Paul warned the Christian church about this in 2 Corinthians 6:14. Of course, the violating of God’s purpose for the male and female relationship also brought about His judgment several times in Scripture. (See Gen. 18, Judg. 19-21, Rom. 1:18-28)

(c) Corruption of morals and spirituality began to prevail. (See Gen. 6:5, & 11-13) One word in these verses is sometimes misunderstood. The word “giant,” comes from the Hebrew word nepal. The word literally means: “the fallen ones, or to fall upon, to attack.” It is speaking of violence more than anything else, and not some supernatural creature. This problem has repeated itself throughout both Biblical and secular history. It was the downfall of Israel during the days of the Kings following the rule of Solomon, in the book of Judges, Ezra, and Nehemiah too. Most of the renowned people of human history are the Caesar of Rome, Hitler, and Osama Bin Laden, etc. Notice that God kept raising up certain people to warn them of their grave error. God Himself intervened with Adam and Eve, and later with Cain. God intervened through a man named Enoch. (See Jude 1:14-16) Noah too was a preacher of righteousness. Thank God for Noah! Thank God for Jonathan Edwards, D.L. Moody, Billy Sunday, Billy Graham, and a host of others that have helped to keep us from the days of Noah being here again.

(2) What is God’s attitude in a time of judgment? The Scriptures reveal at least two attitudes from the heart of God.

  • The first attitude is patience. We see it most clearly illustrated in 1 Peter 3:20. Why does God withhold judgment for as long as he does? God is not willing that any should perish. (1Peter 3:9) It is fascinating to notice that once Noah had finished the ark, God’s judgment came. Jesus called His disciples and said “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all the nations and then the end will come.” (Matt. 24:14) Thank God for His patience with His creation.
  • The second attitude of God is one of grief. Genesis 6:6 states that God was sorry that He had made man on the earth. Notice Jesus’ ministry was marked by weeping. Jesus wept at the tomb of Lazarus. (John 11:35) Jesus wept over Jerusalem. (Luke 19:41) Hebrews 5:7 states that during Jesus’ life on earth, He “offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears.” When God proclaims judgment, He never does it with a harsh hand. His judgment is proceeded by grief, but His judgment will ultimately come.

(3) God makes provision for us to escape His judgment against sin. This provision is beautifully seen in Genesis chapters six through seven. Through the calling of Noah and his family, God provides an ark of safety. The ark speaks of many things. First of all, it was huge. One football field and a half long, seventy-five feet wide, and forty-five feet tall. There were three decks, a lower, a middle, and an upper deck. That brings the total square footage to at least 100,000 square feet. (About 2 ½ acres) The ark had the volume of equivalent to 522 standard railroad stock cars. God made the animals come to Noah, he did not go out and collect them. The ark was covered with pitch. The Hebrew word for this pitch (tar) was the same Hebrew word for atonement. It means “to cover.” There were windows all around at the top for light and ventilation. There was only one door, and it was the only way in or out. Noah gathered enough food for everyone, including the animals. Genesis 6:22 tells us that Noah did everything that God commanded him to do. That is a beautiful example for us today. God provides assurance for believers of every time and circumstance. Christians are saved from the wrath of God. Christians are provided for by the grace of God and we are spared His judgment of a wicked unbelieving world. Like all those before we should also help the rest of the world find God.

(4) There was one last moment of opportunity at the judgment itself. As judgment it approaching, Genesis 7:4 states that God gives them seven more days. God waits and sees that they are all in, and then God Himself shuts the door. What a comfort it must have been when God said, “Come into the ark.” (Gen 7:1) God was already inside waiting for them and was going to be with them on this trip.

Lesson: Jesus is the only door to God’s ark of safety today. (John 14:6)

In closing – Rev 3:20 says – “Behold I stand at the door and knock, if anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in – and that person will be with Me.


#12.  GENESIS 8:1-22 and 9:1-17 – LIFE DURING AND AFTER THE FLOOD.

Intro: Genesis chapter eight must have been a very eerie experience. What would it be like if after over one-hundred years of building an ark, the only ones who had listened to you were your wife, your three sons, and their wives? My estimate is that they spent 376 days on the ark. (Gen. 7:11-12 and Gen. 8:13-15) The rain only lasted 40 days, but they waited, and waited, and waited for the water to recede. There was however one really big miracle happening at that time. They were staying afloat! With all those animals, I am convinced the smell might have not been so nice. But, it was the only thing floating, so nobody got off. Sometimes in our walk with God, we too must plod on, and wait, and trust God. (Gal. 6:9)

Genesis 8:1, and 14-18 – “Then God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the animals that were with him in the ark. And God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth was dried. Then God spoke to Noah saying, ‘Go out of the ark, you and your wife, and your sons and your son’s wives with you. Bring out with you every living thing of all flesh that is with you: birds and cattle and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, so that they may abound on the earth.’ So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife and his son’s wives with him.”

Research: God never forgets us! God never forgets any one of us. The truth is however, that is a testing of the people of God throughout the pages of Scripture. Habakkuk was a prophet of God during Israel’s time in captivity. Habakkuk starts his prophecy with the words, “O LORD, how long shall I cry, and You will not hear?” (See Psalm 74:4-9)

Genesis 8:1 tells us that God caused a wind to blow on the earth. It is quite probable that God was doing things under the water. The possibility is that God was developing deeper and greater ocean basins. God may also have been lifting up the mountains of the earth to higher peaks. Structure and climate was changing to remove all of that water.

Notes: Not always, but some-times we find out later what God took care of while we were thinking we were waiting for no reason.

(1) We must never forget God. It is interesting to note that the writer points out that on the seventh month and on the seventeenth day of that month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. Then we are told that the waters still needed more time to recede. (Gen. 8:4-5) 40 days later, Noah opens a window and sends out a raven and then a dove. There are some spiritual lessons here. Noah sent a raven and the raven went here and there. (Gen 8:7) Apparently the raven didn’t care what it landed on – like some people. (carcasses and dead fish) Noah sent a dove because he knew the dove would not settle just anywhere. (Gen 8:8) Noah’s window provided a place for the dove to return until the right time. (Gen 8:9) Noah’s dove returned again for the sake of the others. (Gen 8:10-11) Noah sent the dove the second time and it returned with an olive leaf. Noah sent out the dove the third time and it did not return. (Gen 8:12) We must understand that sometimes we are waiting because God cares about everything everywhere to work out for everyone. Noah was waiting apparently because he was making sure there was sufficient vegetation to sustain his cargo before he let them out of the boat.

(2) God always has a plan of restoration. In Genesis 8:15 God instructs Noah he and everyone and everything else may now leave the ark. Noah, no doubt, could not let the animals out in too rapid of a pace. If he had some of the larger animals might have had the smaller ones for breakfast. Many times in life, we must wait patiently for God’s timing in many areas. (Psa. 27:14, Isaiah 40:31, Romans 2:12)

(3) Man will always constantly need restoration. In Genesis 8:20 we find the phrase, “Then Noah built an altar to the LORD.” Noah’s sacrifice of the animals is another reminder that it was common practice to do so. They understood, like Adam and Eve, that something innocent was dying in their place and providing atonement for their sins.

On a deeper level, Noah is saying something else. Noah is saying that he is not the hero here. It is not Noah who has been responsible for the salvation of mankind. He had a part in it and he did his part by building the ark. But even Noah who walked with God and was a righteous man in many ways still needed a substitute to take his place too. To do anything else would have been like bringing Cain’s sacrifice of “look what I have done.”

More Lessons: God makes an everlasting covenant. Notice the six conditions that God now makes with man through God’s free and gracious covenant.

(1) God says, “Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures as I have done.” (Gen 8:21) This promise is amplified in Genesis 9:11 where God promises no more floods. God also informs Noah that He understands that man still has that Adamic sin nature and will need to be forgiven.

(2) God promises regularity within nature. Genesis 8:22 says, “As long as the earth endures, seed-time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease.” This must have brought great relief. Imagine the feeling one would have the first time it rained after the flood. (Oh no, not again) Psalm 136 states over and over that God’s mercy endures forever. (Isaiah 54:9)

(3) Once again God tells Noah to be fruitful and multiply. (Gen. 9:1) God’s original plan of Godly parents raising Godly children is still His plan for the planet and the human race.

(4) God indicates that man’s relationship to the animal world is still to be characterized by the animals being in subjection to man. (Gen 9:2) Miraculously, Samson, David, and Daniel will one day give us evidence that God Himself is in control of anything, and everything.

(5) God informs Noah that now the animal kingdom will be used to sacrifice their lives to provide for the every-day ordinary needs of man, i.e.: food. (Gen. 9:3) God however, indicates that the blood of every living being is sacred. Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sin. (Heb. 9:22) (See Genesis 9:5-6)

(6) God gave Noah a rainbow of promise that it would not happen again (Gen 9:9-17)

In closing – It was Sir Isaac Newton who discovered what causes a rainbow to occur. After, or during, a rain, the rays of the sun penetrate the spherical drops of water. As the light strikes the water, it first alters (refracts) the course of the rays of light as it breaks into the molecule of water. Next, the ray of light changes direction (reflects) as it bounces off the other side of the molecule of water.

Then the ray of light breaks up (disburses) the water as is breaks back through for the last time. This process often creates a beautifully colored rainbow (a spectrum of seven colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) in the sky. This process can be compared to a wonderful spiritual lesson. The perfect white light of the Holiness of God shines down on us as a sinful people. We are not capable of facing that perfect white light. However, the storm cloud of God’s judgment upon sin is broken by the goodness and mercy of God. That breaking of the storm cloud, results in the changing of the perfect white light into a beautiful hue of colors. Every hue of color becomes a ray of hope to us of all the various and wonderful mercies of God.



Note: Not everyone is going to agree with me on the subject of abstinence from drugs and alcohol.

I would rather however, use caution and carefulness in this area than to ruin my own life, or the life of my children. 1 Timothy 5:23 says, “a little wine is good for your stomach’s sake.” Well, Alka-Seltzer, Tums, and Mylanta works too. One should not quote from the verse above without also quoting the previous verse that says, “Keep yourself pure.” Bill Gothard says: “What a parent allows in moderation, your children will excuse in excess. I have seen this statement to be very true.

Intro: Noah built an ark and thereby saved his family. (Gen. 6 & 7) Noah built an altar and thereby blessed his family.  (Gen. 8:20-22) Noah built a vineyard and thereby ruined his family. (Gen 9:20-27)

Genesis 9:18-28 – “The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated. And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. Then he drank of the wine and was drunk and became uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. But Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and went backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned away, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.  So Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his younger son had done to him. Then he said: ‘Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants he shall be to his brethren.’  And he said: ‘Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem, and may Canaan be his servant.  May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the tents of Shem; and may Canaan be his servant.”

Research: The first mention in the Bible of the word alcohol (wine) is found in Genesis 9:20. The word alcohol means “a fermented organic product such as wine, beer, or whiskey, that when consumed will intoxicate the participant.” There is no reason here not to include any other kind of drug that alters the mind. Immediately after the flood, Noah planted a vineyard, and he eventually made some wine. Noah drinks the wine, becomes intoxicated, and his youngest son, Ham, discovers Noah drunk and naked.

The word naked, in Hebrew is, “erwa” and it means to expose one’s self in an indecent way. We cannot describe, nor is it necessary, as to the exactness of what it was about Noah’s behavior that was so wrong. Apparently, Ham runs to his brothers, mocking his father’s behavior. It would seem there was more to this, than just being prudish about seeing someone without his or her clothes on.

It is apparent however, that Noah’s behavior was unacceptable. Surely Noah would not have done what he was doing if he had been in control of himself. Noah’s two other sons were very ashamed of what their father did. They knew they needed to cover up their father. Shem and Japheth walk in backwards with a garment between their shoulders. They refused to look at their father in the condition that he was in. Ham’s actions are cruel and condemning of his father. He was severely chastised for not recognizing the shamefulness of the event. Perhaps worst of all, a curse was placed on Ham’s son, Canaan. (Gen 9:24)

Notes: Knowing that God is just and righteous, we can only assume that there was a very valid reason for God’s judgment.

(1) It is possible that Canaan was with his father and somehow even behaved worse than him. This, however, we cannot say for sure. Canaan’s curse was that he was to become a servant of servants. But that was not all.

(2) In Genesis 9:25-27, we are told that Canaan would become servant to both his uncles, Shem and Japheth. In Genesis 10:15-18 we see that the Canaanites were the descendants of Canaan. The next mention of the Canaanites is found in Genesis 12:5-6. There we are told that when Abraham (Abram) was called by God to leave his homeland and go to the “promised land,” Canaan is the land that Abraham went to. (Gen. 12:5)

(3) In Genesis 15:18-21, we are told that God makes a covenant with Abraham. As a part of that covenant, God promises Abraham the land of the Canaanites, as well as many other people’s lands. Several of the names listed there are the same names as the other children of Canaan. (Amorites, Girgasites, and Jebusites) The land of the Canaanites included the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah too. Canaan is the name of the land, and people, that the Children of Israel were eventually allowed by God to enter their land, conquer them, and take away their land. (Josh. 1:1-2, 11:1-8, 23) One cannot help but wonder if this is because generations before, Noah’s actions led to the Children of Israel being allowed by God to enter the land of the Canaanites, conquer them, and take away their land.

Consequences: Noah, no doubt, is a Biblical hero. He built an ark and saved his family and the animal Kingdom from judgment. Noah’s story however, does not end well. Noah’s last act resulted in great consequences concerning his family’s future. The truth of the matter is, Moses, Saul, David, and Solomon were all Biblical heroes too. Each of them, and many others, in some way found a place in their life where they allowed some point of their human nature to ruin their future. Having a great start, or a great past, does not predict the future. Past spiritual successes are no guarantee the future will be the same. We must be diligent and watchful at every corner from the beginning to the end of our lives if we want to finish well.

How sad the first drunk mentioned in the Bible is a man of God. Especially when we remember that the judgment of God on bad human behavior had only just recently happened. How sad, perhaps even sadder, that somehow Noah’s grandson, Canaan, was also caught up in Noah’s moment of letting his guard down. (See 1 Cor. 9:27) How sad that Noah, himself, cursed his own grandson over this affair. The truth is however, it was the perverse tendencies in the Grandfather that later expanded and amplified themselves in his grandson in the end. The point most easily recognized from the whole affair is how that it is inadvisable to partake of something that can alter your ability of choosing to do the right thing. The partaking of alcohol is a bad example that can potentially hurt your children, or other relationships. The second mention of the word alcohol in the Bible, is in Genesis 19:32-38. There we are told of the plight of Lot. Lot had just recently, and only barely, escaped the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

Now, due to his drunkenness, he is unaware that he is committing incest with his two daughters. In Leviticus 10:8-11, Moses tells Aaron and his sons (the priests) that they are never to consume alcohol while serving in their ministry, or they will die. He tells them that there needs to be a difference between the holy and unholy, and between clean and unclean. He further informs them that they need to teach this truth to the Children of Israel.

Lesson: The writer of Proverbs, the book of wisdom, states in Proverbs 31:4, “It is not for Kings O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, nor for princes intoxicating drink; lest they drink and forget the law, and pervert the justice of all the afflicted.”

In closing – Since God has called all of us in this present generation to be priests and kings (1Pet. 2:5 and 9; Rev. 1:5-6), it seems we should strongly adhere to the Bible’s voice on this subject. (See Prov. 20:1; 23:29-35; Isa. 5:11-12 and 22)



Intro: There are three over-riding themes that occur in Genesis chapters 10 and 11: the dispersing of the nations, the beginning of Babylon and its judgment, and the preservation of the messianic line. The messianic line from Adam to Abraham is first mentioned in Genesis chapter five. It is continued again in Genesis chapters ten and eleven. (See 1 Chronicles 1:1-4, 17-19, 24-27, Luke 3:34-37)

Genesis 10:1 & 11:1-9 – “Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the flood. Now the whole earth had one language and one speech – And it came to pass as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there. Then they said to one another, ‘Come let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly. They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar. And they said, ‘Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.’ But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built. And the LORD said, ‘Indeed the people are one and they have all one language, and this is what they begin to do; now nothing that they propose to do will be with-held from them. Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not under-stand one another’s speech.’ So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of the earth, and they ceased building the city. Therefore its name is called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of the earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.”

Research: Since these two chapters carry three over-riding themes we should consider each theme separately:

(1) The dispersing of the nations. There is a remarkable account here that is unparalleled in any other ancient writings or teachings. This is the record of how three families got off of the ark and, through God’s intervention, spread out; to the north as far as Russia; to the east as far as the Iranian plateau; to the south as far as the sources of the Nile; and to the west perhaps as far as Spain. We must take into consideration that many names can have multiple spellings, and that names change from one language to another. Let’s consider each of Noah’s three sons separately, and in the order listed in Genesis chapter ten. (See the Genesis Record by Henry M. Morris)

(a) The name Japheth (Gen 10:2-5) means, “spreader out.” Japheth is Iapetus in Latin.  This name is mentioned in Greek, Asian, India, and European origins. Japheth and his family migrated to the north and the northwest. The Bible lists Japheth’s seven sons and seven grandsons. It is very likely these men became the following people: Gomer (Cimmerians = South Russia and Germany), Ashkenaz (German and Denmark Jews are named Ashkenazi), Riphath (Carpathians of Europe), Togarmah (Turkey and Turkestan), Magog (Georgia of Russia), Tubal (Russian city of Tobolsk), Meshech (Moscow) Javan (people of the Aegean Islands) just to name a few. There are fourteen nations that are listed as descendants of Japheth.

(b) The name Ham (Gen 10:6-11) means “warm or hot.” Ham means black in the Egyptian language. Ham and his family migrated to the south, basically the African continent. The Bible appears to list four sons, and twenty-six grandsons. With Ham’s lineage we have not only names, but more individual information. It is very likely these men became the following people: Cush (Ethiopia), Mizraim, (Egypt) (Psalm 105:23), Put (Libya) Sinites (China), Seba (Sudan), Canaan (Canaanites), Nimrod (Iraq), just to name a few. There are thirty nations listed as descendants of Ham.

(c) The name Shem (Gen 10:12-33) means “renowned.” Shem, of course, would carry on the lineage of Adam which would eventually lead to Abraham, and later Jesus. Shem and his descendants seemed to settle in the region of the Tigris-Euphrates itself. The Bible appears to list five sons, and twenty-one grandsons. In Shem’s lineage we have: Aram (Armenia, Ashur (Assyrians), Elam (Arabia), Lud (Lydia), Madai (Medes, Persians, Afghans) just to name a few. Notice his grandson, Eber from which we get the name Hebrew. There are twenty-six nations that are listed as the descendants of Shem.

Every person on earth today is a descendant of one of these three men. (See Acts 17:26) By the time of the dispersion at the tower of Babel, there were seventy nations eventually created from the family of these three men. Consider the fact that at the cross of Jesus Christ, representatives were present: Japheth (Romans) executed Him, Ham (Simon of Cyrene) carried the cross of Jesus when He could no longer carry it, and Shem (Jesus’ disciples) were His followers. It is interesting to note that the number seventy is used several times in the Bible as the number of a complete group. There were seventy people from the family of Jacob when they went to Egypt. (Exod. 1:5) God had Moses appoint seventy elders to assist him. (Num. 11:16) Jesus sent out seventy people in pairs to serve in ministry. (Luke 10:1 & 17)

(2) The beginning of Babylon and its judgment. Babylon carries an important place in ancient history, New Testament history, as well as being symbolic of the end of time. Nimrod (the rebel) is credited with being the founder of Babylon. In Genesis 10:8-10, we are told several things about him:

(A) He was a mighty warrior. The judgment of God concerning a world-wide flood did not change the fact that man would again chose to rebel against God. (Gen 10:8)

(B) He was a mighty hunter. Unfortunately, he wasn’t satisfied with just hunting animals, in time he began to hunt his fellow man. (Gen 10:9)

(C) He founded and empire. Nimrod wanted to conquer and be in charge of the world. (Gen 10:10-12)

Notice also four things we are told in Genesis 11:1-8, about the building of a great monument.

  • They wanted to reach up to heaven by their own means. (Gen 11:1-2) (Self worship, the name Babel means the gate of the gods) No doubt, there was a human spiritual intent here, however, this was not what God’s intentions were for them
  • They were using inferior building products. God created stone and cement, but they were using brick and tar. (Gen 11:3)
  • What they were building was very small in the eyes of God. (Gen 11:5) God, in a very real sense, had to come down to even see it. (Psalm 2:4)
  • So, God confuses their languages. (Gen 11:8-9) The word language means “a systematic means of communicating ideas, or feelings, by the use of signs, sounds, gestures, or symbols, having under-stood meanings.” Each language would have its own particular form of common words and symbols that people can understand and communicate ideas to each other.

We have no idea of exactly how this took place. There is no doubt, however, that God orchestrated the event in some way. Perhaps at His coming, at the same moment, people instantly began speaking new and different languages. Perhaps as this became apparent, the people found others who spoke their language, and separated themselves into groups of like kind. Then, in order to avoid all the confusion, the separate language groups started to spread out to varying places, all over the face of the earth. After all, that is what God had asked them to do.

(3) The preservation of the messianic line. The genealogy listed in Genesis 11:10-26 is a continuation of the genealogy listed in Genesis chapter five. The following chart is taken from the narrative of Genesis chapter eleven.

Bible VerseName – Meaning Year at BirthYear of HistoryAge/first child bornAge/Year at death
Gen 5:32Noah – Come to Rest10562948 B.C.500950/1998 B.C.
Gen 11:10-11Shem – Name15562448 B.C.100600/1848 B.C.
Gen 11:12-13Arphaxad – Chaldeans16582346 B.C.35438/1908 B.C.
Gen 11:14-15Salah – Sending Forth16932311 B.C.30433/1878 B.C.
Gen 11:16-17Eber – Go to Other Side17232281 B.C.34464/1817 B.C.
Gen 11:18-19Peleg – Division17572247 B.C.30239/2008 B.C.
Gen 11:20-21Reu – Friend17872217 B.C.32239/1978 B.C.
Gen 11:22-23Serug – Vine Shoot18192185 B.C.30230/1955 B.C.
Gen 11:24-25Nahor – Panting18492155 B.C.29148/2007 B.C.
Gen 11:26-32Terah – Tarrying18782126 B.C.70205/1921 B.C.
Gen 11:26Abram – Big Daddy19482056 B.C.100175/1881 B.C.
Fantastic fact: As one calculates all these birth and death dates, notice also that Shem outlived Abraham by 35 years. Again we see God making sure that there was someone around not only to keep records, but to remind people of the glory of the God who they should be serving.

Lesson: All three of these themes are the records of an incredibly important part of human history.

All throughout human history great empires have come and gone. (Daniel 4:29-30) God’s kingdom, on the other hand, is still alive and well. (Isaiah 9:7, Luke 1:33)

In closingOnce again, there is a reason for all these listings of names and ages in Genesis chapter eleven. According to these dates, there were approximately 1,658 years between creation and the flood, and approximately 367 years of the dispersion. Surely God had a purpose in recording all of these names during these over 2,000 years of ancient history. God was letting us know that through all of this, He was keeping tract, in control, and that the final outcome will always be what He wills. If only mankind could just learn we cannot make it on our own, and we need to give God the glory that He is due and justly deserves. (Matt 6:33)

Note: Below is a map that parallels the dispersion of the three sons of Noah into their respective areas of pilgrimage.